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16 Mahajanapadas – Name , Location, Capitals

Mahajanapadas Period

16 Mahajanapadas

Mahajanapadas Period ( 600 BC – 325 BC )

  • The Mahajanapadas were sixteen kingdoms or oligarchic republics that existed in Northern ancient India from the sixth to fourth centuries BCE during the second urbanisation period.
  • The meaning of the work Mahajanapads is “Great Realm”.
  • Buddhist literature (Anguttara Nikaya, Mahavastu) and Jain literature (Bhagavati Sutta) present a list of 16 Mahajanapadas (i.e., great states) with minor variation of names.
  • In the course of time, smaller or weak kingdoms, and the republics were eliminated by the stronger rulers. In the 6th century only 4 powerful kingdoms remained:
    1. Magadha (Important rulers: Bimbisara, Ajatashatru)
    2. Avanti (Important ruler: Pradyota)
    3. Kosala (Important rulers: Prasenjit)
    4. Vatsa (Important rulers: Udayana)

    Later, all of them were annexed to or became part of Magadha.

  • Out of the 16 Mahajanapadas, only Ashmaka was in southern part of India. 

16 Mahajanapadas – their Name , Location, Capitals

NoMahajanapadaLocation Capital
1AngaMunger and Bhagalpur in BiharChampa/Champanagari
2MagadhaGirivraj, Rajgriha/RajgirPatna, Gaya and Nalanda in Bihar
3VajjiMuzaffarpur & Vaishali in BiharVideha, Mithila, Vaishali
4MallaUttar PradeshKuishinara and Pawa
5KashiVaranasi in U.PVaranasi
6KosalaEastern Uttar PradeshSravasti
7VatsaAllahabadKausambi
8ChediJaipurShaktimati/ Sotthivati
9KuruHaryana and Delhi areaIndraprastha
10PanchalaWestern Uttar PradeshSouth Panchal-Kampilya
11ShurasenaWestern Uttar PradeshMathura
12MatsyaAlwar, Bharatpur and Jaipurin RajasthanViratnagar
13AvantiMalwa and Madhya PradeshUjjaini or Mahismati
14AshmakaBank of GodavariPratisthan/ Paithan
15GandharaRawalpindiTaxila
16KambojaRajori and HajraPooncha

Also Check : 

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History Questions and Answers Set 1

Important Historical Newspapers and their Editors

 

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