Major Central Government Schemes of India
Here is the list of Major Central Government Schemes of India. Very important for any competitive examination.
Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)
About: It is a National Mission to ensure access to financial services, namely, Banking/ Savings & Deposit Accounts, Remittance, Credit, Insurance, Pension in an affordable manner.
Aim: The plan aims for universal access to banking facilities with at least one basic banking account for every household, financial literacy, access to credit, insurance and pension facility.
Announced: On 15 August 2014.
Department: Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance
Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Shramev Jayate Karyakram
About: The scheme is aimed at creating conducive environment for industrial development and doing business with ease.
Aim: The scheme is aimed at creating conducive environment for industrial development and doing business with ease To complement ‘Make in India’ Campaign.
Launched: 16 October 2014 at New Delhi.
Department: Ministry of Labour& Employment
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana
About : Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana is a Government scheme for the uplift of urban and rural poor.
Department: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty
Alleviation Date: 25-September-2014
Mission Housing for all aka Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
About: This is one of the major schemes of government’s urban development and housing initiatives.
Aim: The program proposes to build 2 crore houses across the Nation by 2022.
Department: Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty.
Launched: 17th June 2015
Re-launched: It was renamed as Pradhan mantra Awas yojana on 25th June 2015.
Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Bank (MUDRABank)
About: It is a public sector financial institution in India. It provides loans at low rates to microfinance institutions and non-banking financial institutions .
Launched: 8 April 2015.
Aim: The Prime Minister said that MUDRA scheme isaimed at “funding the unfunded”
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
About: It is a rural development programme broadly focusing upon the development in the villages which includes social development, cultural development and spread motivation among the people on social mobilization of the village community.
Aim: The aim is to develop three Adarsh Grams by March 2019, of which one would be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five such Adarsh Grams (one per year) will
be selected and developed by 2024.
Launched: 11 October 2014 on the birth anniversary of Jayaprakash Narayan at New Delhi.
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana
About: Garib Kalyan Yojana is a Poverty Alleviation Scheme, which is primarily a work shop that you can pay and attend.
Aim: The objective of the workshop is to revive the government’s pro-poor welfare programs.
Launched: April 2015
Multi skill programme –Skill India
About: This programme would skill the youth with an emphasis on employability and entrepreneur skills.
Aim: The main goal is to create opportunities, space and scope for the development of the talent of the Indian youth and to develop more of those sectors which have already been put under skill development for the last so many years.
Launched: March 2015
About: Digital India is an initiative of Government of India to integrate the government departments and the people of India.
Digital India has three core components. These include:
- The creation of digital infrastructure
- Delivering services digitally
- Digital literacy
Aim: It aims at ensuring the government services are made available to citizens electronically by reducing paperwork. The project is slated for completion by 2019.
Department: The Ministry of Communications and IT
About: Digital Locker is one of the key initiatives under the Digital India Programme.
Department: Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DeitY).
Aim: It is aimed at minimizing the usage of physical documents and enable sharing of e-documents across agencies.
About: The platform, eBasta, is merely not a library of books, but a collaborative platform where school Book publishers, School teachers, students and even various tailers can participate.
Aim: It aims to bring various publishers (free as well as commercial) and schools together on one platform.
Launched: June 30, 2015
Make in India
About: Make in India is an initiative of the Government of India, to encourage companies to manufacture their products in India.
Launched: 25th September 2014
Aim: The major objective behind the initiative is to focus on 25 sectors of the economy forjob creation and skill enhancement.
The initiative also aims at high quality standards and minimising the impact on the environment.
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana
About: focused on the rural poor youth and its emphasis on sustainable employment through the prominence and incentives given to post-placement tracking, retention and career progression.
Aim: The Government of India has set an ambitious target for providing skill training to 500 million of its youth by 2022.
Department: Ministry of Rural Development
Launched: 25th September 2014
Launched by: NitinGadkari, Union Minister for Rural Development.
Previous Name: Aajeevika Skills Development Programme (ASDP).
National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Aim: It main aim is to provide an umbrella framework to all skilling activities being carried out within the country, to align them to common standards and link the skilling with demand centers.
Previous Scheme: It replaces National Policy on Skill Development 2009.
Department: Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
Launched: 15th July 2015 (World Youth Skills Day)
National Sports Talent Search Scheme
About: The scheme has been formulated for talent identification in the age group of 8-12 years and nurturing of identified talented sportspersons.
Aim: Identification of sporting talent among students in the age group of 8–12 years
Launched: 26th May 2015
Department: Ministry of youth Affairs & Department of Sports
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
About: It is a Central Government’s scheme aimed to provide continuous power supply to rural India.
Aim: it aims to supply 24×7 uninterrupted power supplies to all homes.
Launched: 25th july 2015 in Patna.
Old Scheme: Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).
Department: Ministry of Power
Kisan Vikas Patra
About: Kisan Vikas Patra is a saving certificate scheme which was first launched in 1988 by India Post.
Re-launched: In year 2014
Soil Health Card Scheme
About: The scheme launched by the Government of India in 2015. The Government plans to issue the cards to 14 crore farmers.
Aim: is focusing attention on the health of soil in agricultural areas across the country, to boost productivity and bring about increased prosperity.
Launched: Year 2015
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
About: The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is part of a group of pro-farmer measures that the NDA government endeavours to implement.
Aim: aimed at ensuring access to water to every farm (“HarKhetKoPani”) round the year and improving water use efficiency (“Per Drop More Crop”)
Department: Ministry of Agriculture
Time Period: 5years
Jan Suraksha Schemes (PMJJBY, PMBSY, APY) For Elders
About: This includes Social Security Schemes, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojna, Atal
Pension Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana.
Aim: protect an Indian citizen against illness, accidents, or penury in old age.
Launched: 9th May 2015
One Rank One Pension Scheme
About: It is a scheme for same rank and for the same length of service, irrespective of the date of retirement.
Re-launch date: On 5th September 2015
Rashtriya Gokul Mission
About: It is a focused project under National Programme for Bovine Breeding and Dairy Development, with an outlay of Rs 500 crore during the 12th Five Year Plan.
Aim: to Conserve and Develop Indigenous cattle Breeds through professional farm management and superior nutrition.
Launched: 28 July 2014
Department: Department of Animal husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries.
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao
About: is a Government of India scheme that aims to generate awareness and improving the efficiency of welfare services meant for women.
Aim: To end female feticide and discrimination against girl child Prime Minister NarendraModi launched Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Abhiyan.
Launched: 22nd January 2015 in Panipat.
Sukanya Samriddhi Account
About: Sukanya Samriddhi Account is a special deposit account under the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (Girl child prosperity scheme).
Launched: 22nd January 2015
Aim: aim of improving the welfare of female children in India.
PAHAL-Direct Benefits Transfer for LPG (DBTL) Consumers Scheme
About: has become one of the largest cash transfer schemes of the world.
Aim: to transfer subsidies directly to the people through their bank accounts. It will be implemented in 2 phases.
Previous Scheme: The Direct Benefit transfer of LPG (DBTL)
Re-launched: 15.11.2014 in 54 districts and rest of India on 01.01.2015
Swachh Bharat Mission
About: is a national campaign of Indian Government, covering 4041 statutory towns, to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country. It is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive and 3 million government employees and school and college students of India have participated in this event.
Re-Launched: 2nd October 2014 at New Delhi.
Earlier Launch: Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC)- 1999 was renamed to Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA)- 2012 campaign was relaunched as Swachh Bharat
The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI AAYOG)
Previous Name: Planning Commission
About: NITI Aayog will seek to provide a critical directional and strategic input into the development process.
Aim: is to foster involvement and participation in the economic policy-making process by state governments of India, a “bottom-up” approach in contrast to the Planning Commission’s tradition of “top-down” decision-making.
Launched: January 2015
Headquarter: New Delhi
The National Urban Development Mission
About: the mission would also address livelihood concerns of the urban street vendors by facilitating access to suitable spaces, institutional credit, social security and skills to the urban street vendors for accessing emerging market opportunities.
Aim: at providing shelters equipped with essential services to the urban homeless in a phased manner.
Replacement: It replaces The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission.
Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana
About: It is an initiative by Government of India which focuses on holistic development of heritage cities.
Aim: to preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment.
Launched: 21st January, 2015
Department: Ministry of Urban Development
Smart Cities Mission
About: The Smart Cities Mission of the Government is a bold, new initiative. It is meant to set examples that can be replicated both within and outside the Smart City, catalysing the creation of similar Smart Cities in various regions and parts of the country.
Aim: is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions.
Shyama Prasad Mukherjee RURBANMission
About: Rurban Mission for 300 clusters to bedeveloped over the next three years across the country, Commerce.
Launched and approved: 16 September 2015
Atal mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation
About: It provides basic services (e.g. water supply, sewerage, urban transport) to households and build amenities in cities which will improve the quality of life for all, especially the poor and the disadvantaged is a national priority.
Aim: the purpose of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is to
ensure that every household has access to a tap with assured supply of water and asewerage
connection; increase the amenity value of cities by developing greenery and well maintained open spaces (e.g. parks); reduce pollution by switching to public transport or
constructing facilities for non-motorized transport (e.g. walking and cycling).
Launched date: 29th April 2015
About: Namami Gange Project or Namami Ganga Yojana is an ambitious Union Government Project which integrates the efforts to clean and protect the Ganga river in a comprehensive manner.
Aim: This project aims at Ganga Rejuvenation by combining the existing ongoing efforts and planning under it to create a concrete action plan for future.