Different Sources of the Indian Constitution

Different Sources of the Indian Constitution

India has world’s largest written constitution. It took around 2 years 11 month 18 days to write and finalize the entire constitution. A separate constituent assembly was formed to write and finalize it. Though many criticize that it is a borrowed constitution since various provisions of this constitution is borrowed from constitutions of different countries, it is like a bouquet with the best flowers picked up from different gardens.

Sources of Indian Constitution :

Government of India Act, 1935:

  • This Act formed the basis or ‘blueprint’ of the Constitution of India with the features of
    • Federal system
    • Office of Governor
    • Emergency provisions
    • Public Service Commission
    • Judiciary

Constitution of Britain:

    • Writs
    • Law-making procedures
    • Rule of law
    • Single citizenship
    • Bicameral Parliamentary system
    • Office of CAG.

Constitution of USA:

    • Independence of judicial review
    • Fundamental rights
    • Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges
    • Preamble and functions of President and Vice-President.
    • Judicial Review

Constitution of Canada:

    • Federation with strong Centre  to provide residuary powers to the Centre
    • Supreme Court’s advisory jurisdiction
    • Centre appoints the Governors of states

Constitution of Ireland:

    • Directive Principles of State policy
    • Method of presidential elections
    • Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha by the President.

Weimar Constitution of Germany:

    • Provisions concerning the suspension of fundamental rights during emergency.

 Australian Constitution:

    • Concurrent List
    • Provision Regarding Trade
    • Commerce and industry
    • Languages of the Preamble.

South African Constitution:

    • Procedure of Constitutional Amendment.

Constitution of France:

    • Republican of Liberty
    • Equality and Fraternity.

Constitution of Australia:

    • Idea of the Concurrent List.
    • Freedom of trade and commerce
    • joint sitting of two houses of Parliament

Constitution of South Africa:

    • Amendment with 2/3rd majority in Parliament.
    • Election of members of the Rajya Sabha

Constitution of former USSR:

    • Fundamental Duties.
    • The ideals of social, economic and political Justice.

Constitution of former JAPAN :

    • Procedure established by law.
Default image
Author Panel
Articles: 43

One comment

Leave a Reply