Different Sources of the Indian Constitution
India has world’s largest written constitution. It took around 2 years 11 month 18 days to write and finalize the entire constitution. A separate constituent assembly was formed to write and finalize it. Though many criticize that it is a borrowed constitution since various provisions of this constitution is borrowed from constitutions of different countries, it is like a bouquet with the best flowers picked up from different gardens.
Sources of Indian Constitution :
Government of India Act, 1935:
- This Act formed the basis or ‘blueprint’ of the Constitution of India with the features of
- Federal system
- Office of Governor
- Emergency provisions
- Public Service Commission
Constitution of Britain:
- Law-making procedures
- Rule of law
- Single citizenship
- Bicameral Parliamentary system
- Office of CAG.
Constitution of USA:
- Independence of judicial review
- Fundamental rights
- Removal of Supreme Court and High Court judges
- Preamble and functions of President and Vice-President.
- Judicial Review
Constitution of Canada:
- Federation with strong Centre to provide residuary powers to the Centre
- Supreme Court’s advisory jurisdiction
- Centre appoints the Governors of states
Constitution of Ireland:
- Directive Principles of State policy
- Method of presidential elections
- Nomination of members to Rajya Sabha by the President.
Weimar Constitution of Germany:
- Provisions concerning the suspension of fundamental rights during emergency.
- Concurrent List
- Provision Regarding Trade
- Commerce and industry
- Languages of the Preamble.
South African Constitution:
- Procedure of Constitutional Amendment.
Constitution of France:
- Republican of Liberty
- Equality and Fraternity.
Constitution of Australia:
- Idea of the Concurrent List.
- Freedom of trade and commerce
- joint sitting of two houses of Parliament
Constitution of South Africa:
- Amendment with 2/3rd majority in Parliament.
- Election of members of the Rajya Sabha
Constitution of former USSR:
- Fundamental Duties.
- The ideals of social, economic and political Justice.
Constitution of former JAPAN :
- Procedure established by law.