List of Important Wars and Battles in Indian History

List of Important Wars and Battles in Indian History

Here is a List of Important Wars and Battles in Indian History .

Battle of Hydaspas

  • Year : 326 B.C.
  • Battle between : Alaxender and Porus
  • Won by : Alaxender
  • Significance : Impressed by the bravery of Porus, he allowed to retian the kingship of Porus.

Kalinga War

  • Year : 261 B.C..
  • Battle between : Ashoka and Raja Anant Padmanabhan
  • Won by : Ashoka
  • Significance : It was the bloodiest war of human history and lakhs were killed from either sides. Ashoka filled with remorse and took pledge of non violence and adopted Buddhism.

First Battle of Tarain

  • Year : 1191 A.D.
  • Battle between : Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori
  • Won by : Prithviraj Chauhan
  • Significance : This is called the first war of Hindu Rajput king and Muslim invader. This war took place near Tarain, Thanesar distt of Haryana

Second Battle of Tarain

  • Year : 1192 A.D.
  • Battle between : Muhammad Ghori and Prithviraj Chauhan
  • Won by : Muhammad Ghori
  • Significance : Establishment of an Islamic empire in India

Battle of Gakkhar and Ghori

  • Year : 1206 A.D.
  • Battle between : Gakkhar and Md Ghori
  • Won by : Gakkhar tribes
  • Significance : Ghori was killed by Gakkhar tribes in this attack

First Battle of Panipat

  • Year : 1526 A.D.
  • Battle between : Babur and Ibrahim Lodi
  • Won by : Babur
  • Significance : Canons, Gunpowder and artilery was used by Babur which was the first time ever use of these in Indian subcontinent. Ibrahim Lodi was killed in the field and this war paved the foundation of strong Mughal Empire in India

Battle of Khanwa

  • Year : 1527 A.D.
  • Battle between : Babur and Rana Sanga
  • Won by : Babur
  • Significance : Babur assumed title of Ghazi after this battle,The alliance of Rana Sanga although outnumbered that of Babur, still Sanga was defeated and the alliance dispersed. Rana Sanga escapes to Chittor

Battle of Chanderi

  • Year : 1528 A.D.
  • Battle between : Babur and Medini Rai
  • Won by : Babur
  • Significance : Medini Rai organized the Jauhar ceremony during which Rajput women and children committed self-immolation to save their honour from the Mughals.

Battle of Ghaghara

  • Year : 1529 A.D.
  • Battle between : Babur and Sultan Mahmud Lodi
  • Won by : Babur
  • Significance : This was the third major battle of Babur after which control of Mughal Empire over India was secured and fully established. Mahmud Lodi who was the brother of Ibrahim Lodi declared himself the sultan of Delhi with the support of Nusrat shah of Bengal, Jalaluddin Lohani, Sher Shah Suri , Rajputs and Afghans. Babur emerged victorious and consolidated his control.ghals.

Battle of Chausa

  • Year : 1539 A.D.
  • Battle between : Sher Shah Suri and Humayun
  • Won by : Sher Shah Suri
  • Significance : Sher Shah became emperor of India thus breaking the Mughal rule in India

Battle of Chausa

  • Year : 1540 A.D.
  • Battle between : Sher Shah Suri and Humayun
  • Won by : Sher Shah Suri
  • Significance : Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun for the second time thus breaking the Mughal rule in India

Second Battle of Panipat

  • Year : 1556 A.D.
  • Battle between : Akbar and Hemu
  • Won by : Akbar
  • Significance : Bairam Khan, Guardian of Akbar, defeated Hemu.

Battle of Talikot

  • Year : 1565 A.D.
  • Battle between : Deccan Sultanates and Vijayanagar Empire
  • Won by : Deccan Sultanates
  • Significance : Destroyed Hindu kingdom of the Deccan, sealed the fortunes of Vijayanagar empire.

Battle of Haldighati

  • Year : 1576 A.D.
  • Battle between : Maharana Pratap & by Man Singh (General of Mughal Emperor Akbar )
  • Won by : Man Singh
  • Significance : This battle is the shortest battle of Indian history and lasted only 4 hours .

Battle of Samugarh

  • Year : 1659 A.D.
  • Battle between : Aurangzeb & Imperial forces led by Dara
  • Won by : Aurangzeb
  • Significance : Aurangzeb captured the Mughal throne.

Battle of Plassey

  • Year : 1757 A.D.
  • Battle between : Siraj-ud-daulah with French & British East India Company under Robert Clive
  • Won by : British East India Company
  • Significance : Foundation of British Rule in India

Third Battle of Panipat

  • Year : 1761 A.D.
  • Battle between : Ahmed Shah Abdali and Marathas
  • Won by : Ahmed Shah Abdali
  • Significance : Gave a setback to marathas in the north.

Battle of Buxar

  • Year : 1764 A.D.
  • Battle between : British East India Co Vs alliance of Mir Kashim , Awadh and Mughals
  • Won by : British
  • Significance : Led to English occupation of India.

First Anglo Mysore War

  • Year : 1767-69 A.D.
  • Battle between : Hyder Ali (Mysore) Vs British, Marathas
  • Won by : Hyder Ali
  • Significance : The battles include Battle of Chengam, Battle of Tiruvannamalai, Siege of Ambur.

Second Anglo Mysore War

  • Year : 1780-84 A.D.
  • Battle between : Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan (Mysore) Vs British
  • Won by : British
  • Significance : Hyder Ali was killed, Treaty of Mangalore was signed.

Third Anglo Mysore War

  • Year : 1780-84 A.D.
  • Battle between : Mysore kingdom Vs British East India Co.
  • Won by : British East India Co.
  • Significance : Tipu Sultan was defeated. Treaty of Serirangapatnam was signed.

Fourth Anglo Mysore War

  • Year : 1799 A.D.
  • Battle between : British Forces Vs Tipu Sultan
  • Won by : British
  • Significance : Tipu Sultan was defeated and killed. Mysore kingdom was given back to Wodeyar dynasty under subsidary alliance.

First Anglo Maratha War

  • Year : 1766-69 A.D.
  • Battle between : Maratha Empire and British East India Company
  • Won by : British East India Company
  • Significance : This warended with Treaty of Salbai between Maratha and British

Second Anglo Maratha War

  • Year : 1803-06 A.D.
  • Battle between : Maratha Empire and British East India Company
  • Won by : British East India Company
  • Significance : Maratha influence over North India is limited to Rajputana. Mughals become British protectorate.

Third Anglo Maratha War

  • Year : 1817-19 A.D.
  • Battle between : Maratha Empire and British East India Company
  • Won by : British
  • Significance : Treaty of Mandasor

First Anglo Afghan War

  • Year : 1839-42 A.D.
  • Battle between : British East India Company and Afghan
  • Won by : Afghans
  • Significance : Tripartite Treaty between Ranjit Singh, Shah Shuja & Lord Auckland

Second Anglo Afghan War

  • Year : 1868-80 A.D.
  • Battle between : British East India Company and Afghan
  • Won by : British
  • Significance : Treaty of Peshawar, Treaty of Gandamak

Third Anglo Afghan War

  • Year : 1919-21 A.D.
  • Battle between : British East India Company and Afghan
  • Won by : Afghans
  • Significance : Treaty of Rawalpindi

First Anglo Sikh War

  • Year : 1845-46 A.D.
  • Battle between : Sikh Empire & British East India Company
  • Won by : British
  • Significance : Jammu and Kashmir annexed by the East India Company

Second Anglo Sikh War

  • Year : 1848-49 A.D.
  • Battle between : Sikh Empire & British East India Company
  • Won by : British East India Company
  • Significance : Sikh kingdom came under the Britishxed by the East India Company
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