The Presidents of India
The President of India, officially the President of the Republic of India (IAST: Bhārat kē Rāṣhṭrapati), is the ceremonial head of state of India and the Commander in chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.
1.Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Dr. Rajendra Prasad (26th January 1950-13th May 1962) was the first President of India.He was also the first in India to work as president for two terms.Mr. Prasad was awarded the Bharat Ratna in the year 1962.
2.Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (13th May 1962-13th May 1967) was the first vice president of India to become president of India.His birthday(5 September) is celebrated as Teacher’s Day. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in 1954.
3.Dr. Zakir Husain
Dr. Zakir Husain (13th May 1967-3rd May 1969) was the first Muslim President and third President of India.He was first president who died at his post.
After his demise the then Vice President, V.V. Giri (3rd May 1969-20th July 1969) was made the acting President. Later, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Mohammad Hidayatullah (20th July 1969-24th August 1969) became acting President of India from 20 July 1969 to 24 August 1969.
Mohammad Hidayatullah was awarded the Padma Bhushan in the field of art by the Government of India in 2002.
4.V. V. Giri
Varahagiri Venkata Giri aka V.V Giri (24th August 1969-24th August 1974) was the fourth President of India. He became the first and only person to be elected President as an independent candidate.
He was conferred with Bharat Ratna in 1975.
5.Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (24th August 1974-11th February 1977) was the fifth President of India. He was the second President who died while in office.After his sudden demise BD Jattha(11th February 1977-25th July 1977) was made Acting President.
India witnessed the 1975 emergency During his presidency.
6.Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (25th July 1977-25th July 1982) became the sixth President of India. He was the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. He was directly elected to the post from Lok Sabha speaker and became the youngest President who occupied Rashtrapati Bhavan and contested twice for the post of president.
7.Giani Zail Singh
Giani Zail Singh(25th July 1982-25th July 1987) was the 7th President of India. Befor becoming the President, he was also the Chief Minister of Punjab and the Minister at the Centre. He also used Pocket Veto on the Indian Post Office Bill. During his presidency, many incidents took place, such as the Operation Blue Star, the assassination of Indira Gandhi and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots.
R.Venkataraman (25th July 1987-25th July 1992) was the 8th President of India.Before becoming President he was Vice-President of India from 1984 to 1987. He has received many honours from different parts of the world including the “Tamra Patra” for his contributions to India’s freedom struggle.Besides this, the Russian government had conferred the Soviet Land Prize for writing the travelogue on former Tamil Nadu Prime Minister, Kumaraswami Kamaraj’s.
9.Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma
Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma (25th July 1992-25th July 1997) was the 9th President and the eighth Vice President of India.From 1952 to 1956 he was the Chief Minister of then Bhopal State and Cabinet Minister from 1956 to 1967.He is the only India to serve in all three posts of President, Chief Minister and Vice President.For his multi-achievements in the legal profession the International Bar Association gave him the ‘Living Legend of Law Award of Recognition’ .
10.K R Narayanan
K.R.Narayanan (25th July 1997-25th July 2002) was the 9th President and was the first Dalit President of India.He also was the first Malayali person who took over the post of President He was the first President to vote in the Lok Sabha elections and addressed the state assembly.
11.Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam
Dr. A. P.J. Abdul Kalam (25th July 2002-25th July 2007 ) the ‘Missile Man of India’ was the 11th President of India. He was the first scientist to receive the highest office of the country and the President of India who won the most votes.Under his directorial, Rohini-1 satellites, Agni and Prithvi missiles were successfully launched. The Pokhran-II nuclear tests conducted in India in 1998 after the original nuclear test of 1974 saw him in a pivotal political, organisational and technical role. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1997.
12.Shrimati Pratibha Singh Patil
Shrimati Pratibha Singh Patil (25th July 2007-25th July 2012) was the first woman and 12th president of India.Before becoming the president of India she was the Governor of Rajasthan. From 1962 to 1985 she was a member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly five times and was elected from Amravati to the Lok Sabha in 1991.
Pranab Mukherjee (25th July 2012-25th July 2017) the 13th President,was the finance minister of India before becoming the President of India. He was awarded the best Parliamentary Award in 1997 and Padma Vibhushan, in 2008. India’s highest civilian honour
14.Ram Nath Kovind
Ram Nath Kovind (25th July 2017- Present) is the 14th and current president of India.He is an lawyer and politician. He is the 14th and current President of India. Before sworning in as President he worked as the former Governor of Bihar. As a Governor his achievements were the creation of a judicial commission to investigate corruption in universities.
Vice Presidents who became Presidents of India :
- Dr S Radhakrishnan
- Dr Zakir Hussain
- Ramaswami Venkataraman
- Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma.
- K R Narayanan
Chief Ministers who became Presidents of India :
- Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (Andhra Pradesh)
- Giani Zail Singh (Punjab)
- Basappa Danappa Jatti (Mysore)
- Dr.Shankar Dayal Sharma (Bhopal)
Dr.Shankar Dayal Sharma is the only India to serve in all three posts of President, Chief Minister and Vice President.
Do follow: List of All Prime Ministers of India